Database
A collection of pieces of information that is organized and used on a computer.2
Data Silo
A fixed storage that can only be accessed by the stockholder.
Encryption Mechanism
Program that keeps unauthorized users from being able to read data.
Feedlot
A plot of land on which livestock are fattened for market.2
Mad Cow Disease (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy)
A fatal disease that affects the brain and nervous system of cattle.2
Quality Grade
Grading for tenderness, juiciness, and flavor.3
QR Code
A bar code that is read by a camera of a smartphone with bar-code reader.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID):
A data carrier technology that transmits information via signals in the radio frequency portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. A radio frequency identification system consists of an antenna and a transceiver, which read the radio frequency and transfer the information to a processing device, and a transponder, or tag, which is an integrated circuit containing the radio frequency circuitry and information to be transmitted.1
USDA Proposed Rule
Traceability for Livestock Moving Interstate: The USDA issued this proposed rule on August 9, 2011, in order to establish general regulations for improving the traceability of U.S. livestock moving interstate when animal disease events take place. Under this proposed rule, unless specifically exempted, livestock moved interstate would have to be officially identified and accompanied by an interstate certificate of veterinary inspection or other documentation, such as owner-shipper statements or brand certificates. The proposed rule encourages the use of low-cost technology and specifies approved forms of official identification for each species, such as metal eartags for cattle. However, recognizing the importance and prevalence of other identifications in certain regions, shipping and receiving states or tribes are permitted to agree upon alternative forms of identification such as brands or tattoos.4
Yield Grade
The amount of usable lean meat on a carcass.3
  1. GS1 accessed July, 2016.
  2. Merriam-Webster Online, accessed July, 2016.
  3.  USDA accessed July, 2016
  4. USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.  Animal Disease Traceability.